Saturday, August 02, 2014   

Inspections

  

The following is a general outline and guide to obtaining required construction inspections.

Code Enforcement Officials are to provide inspection services based upon the N.C. Building Code. Plans and Specifications are to be used as a guide, but the written text shall prevail.

No person(s) may occupy any dwelling until a Certificate Of Occupancy has been issued. Obtaining the Certificate Of Occupancy requires that all aspects of the construction be inspected and approved. Schedule an inspection, through the Building Inspection Department, the day before one is needed.

The Steps

Inspections are obtained in the following order:

  1. Temporary Power Pole Inspection [if applicable]
  2. Footing Inspection
  3. Under Slab Inspection
  4. Foundation Inspection
  5. Floor Framing Inspection
  6. Sheathing Inspection
  7. Electrical Rough-In Inspection
  8. Plumbing Rough-In Inspection
  9. Mechanical Rough-In Inspection
  10. Framing Inspection
  11. Insulation Inspection
  12. Electrical Final Inspection
  13. Plumbing Final Inspection
  14. Mechanical Final Inspection
  15. Building Final Inspection
Temporary Power Pole

Pole shall be constructed to meet utility company standards and the latest editions of the National Electric Code.

Footing Inspection

Footing Inspection is to be made after the trenches are excavated, all grade stakes are installed, all reinforcing steel and supports are in place and appropriately tied, all necessary forms are in place and braced, and before any concrete is placed.

NOTE: Deck footings may be requested as a separate inspection or with other building trade request.

Under Slab Inspection

Under Slab Inspection is to be made after all forms have been placed; concealed electrical, plumbing, heating and air conditioning facilities inspected; all crushed stone, a vapor barrier, all reinforcing steel with supports tied and/or all welded wire fabric is installed when required, but before any concrete is placed.

EXCEPTION: Inspection is not required for driveways or patio slabs, walks, etc., which are considered as non-habitable spaces.

Foundation Inspection

Foundation Inspection is to be made after all foundation supports are installed. This inspection is to check foundation supports, vents, crawl space leveling, ground clearances, and positive drainage, where required.

NOTE: Installed basement waterproofing shall be left open for the purpose of inspection. Waterproofing may be requested as a separate inspection or with other building trade inspections.

Floor Framing Inspection

Floor Framing Inspection is to be made after floor framing is in place. This inspection is to check for girder size and location, and size of floor joist.

Electrical Rough-In Inspection

Electrical Rough-In Inspection is to be made when all wiring, boxes, and panel boards have been installed. All connections are made and ready for the finished product.

Plumbing Rough-In Inspection

Plumbing Rough-In Inspection is to be made for all parts of the plumbing system that can be completed prior to the installation of fixtures. This includes drainage, water-supply, water test, vent piping, and the necessary fixture supports.

Mechanical Rough-In Inspection

Mechanical Rough-In Inspection is to be made when all boots, gas piping, mechanical ventilation, and concealed ducts have been installed.

Framing Inspection

Framing Inspection is to be made after all rough-in inspections have been approved; when roof, wall, ceiling and floor framing is complete with appropriate blocking, bracing and fire stopping in place. The following items should be in place and visible for inspection:

  • Pipes
  • Chimney(s) and vent(s)
  • Flashing for roof(s), chimney(s), and wall openings
  • Insulation baffles
  • All lintels required to be bolted to the framing for support. (Lintels shall not be covered by any exterior or interior wall or ceiling finish material before approval. Work may continue without approval for lintels masonry or concrete.)
Insulation Inspection

Insulation Inspection is to be made after an approved building framing inspection, with all insulation and vapor barriers in place, but before any wall or ceiling covering is applied.

Electrical Final Inspection

Electrical Final Inspection is to be made when the wiring system is complete. The Electrical Final Inspection is requested by the electrical contractor.

Plumbing Final Inspection

Plumbing Final Inspection is to be made when all distribution pipes; fixtures; traps; soil, waste, and vent pipes; building drains and building sewers -- including their respective connections and devices -- are complete. The Plumbing Final Inspection is requested by the plumbing contractor.

Mechanical Final Inspection

Mechanical Final Inspection is to be made when the mechanical system is complete, and all manufacturer instructions have been followed. The Mechanical Final Inspection is requested by the mechanical contractor.

Building Final Inspection

Building Final Inspection is to be made when all landscaping and drainage requirement have been met, when the building is complete and ready for occupancy. The Building Final Inspection is requested by the building contractor.